The Spanish sculptorPablo Emilio Gargallo and Catalan
He was born in Maella, Zaragoza on January 5, 1881. He was one of the most important Spanish avant-garde artists of his time and one of the first artists to work with iron. He developed a sculptural style of cubist inspiration, based on the creation of three-dimensional objects from pieces of metal, paper or cardboard, in which only a part of the subject was represented. Three of the most famous examples of this technique were inspired by the Swedish Hollywood starGreta garbo
He studied in Barcelona, before obtaining a scholarship in 1903 to continue his studies in Paris, where he met other avant-garde artists, such asAmedeo Modigliani
. He returned to Barcelona to take care of his mother in 1905, and remained until 1911. During this period he received commissions to make sculptural decorations for public buildings in Barcelona.
While in Barcelona, he began using copper and metals in his work, and received commissions to create public sculptures. When he returned to Paris, he experimented with cubism and lived in an artist commune with Pablo Picasso,John Gray
among others, and formed a strong friendship with Picasso. Picasso andGargallo
they influenced each other in the works, and Gargallo introduced Picasso to metal sculpture.
GargalloHe lived again in Barcelona from 1914 to 1924, during which time he sculpted the famous stage arch of the Palau de la Música Catalana concert hall. He spent the last decade of his life in Paris, receiving high praise for his fine metal sculptures, such asPicador(1928) andThe profit(1930), in which he applied his cubist, pseudo-abstract techniques.
After his death, four major posthumous exhibitions were held, in Madrid (1935), Paris (1935 and 1947) and at the Venice Biennale (1955). His work is in the permanent collections of The Museum of Modern Art and The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the Reina Sofía Museum in Madrid. In 1985, the Pablo Gargallo Museum was opened near his birthplace in Zaragoza, Spain.