MalpighiHe was born on March 10, 1628 into a wealthy family in Crevalcore, Italy. He began attending the University of Bologna when he was only 17 years old. He received doctorates in medicine and philosophy in 1653.
Malpighihe was one of the first scientists to use the newly invented microscope to study small biological entities. He analyzed various parts of the organs of bats, frogs, and other animals under the microscope. While studying the structure of the lungs, he noticed their membranous alveoli and the hair-like connections between veins and arteries, which he called capillaries. The discovery established how the oxygen we breathe enters the bloodstream and serves the body. He was also the first person to study red blood cells and the mucous layer beneath the epidermis.
Malpighigained worldwide recognition when the Royal Society published its findings. His study of the life cycle of plants and animals was very influential on the issue of reproduction. He extensively studied the transformation of caterpillars into insects, the development of chicken embryos and the development of seeds in plants.
Malpighihe is also considered the founder of modern anatomy. His contributions were very important and innovative.
He was appointed a papal physician in Rome by Pope Innocent XII in 1691. Only three years later, he died of a stroke on November 30, 1694 in Rome. He was 66 years old.