Pregnancy is the beginning of a new life. But it goes without saying that there are many questions that a pregnant woman must ask herself and her doctor in order to have a healthy baby. From the position during sleep to feeding and some exercises, there are many risks that a new mother has to face with her baby. In this article, you will find all the keys to this beautiful stage of life.
WittyBubbles has compiled for you some interesting facts that all pregnant women should ask their doctor during the gestation period.
1. Prenatal care
Immediately after having medical confirmation that she is going to be a mother, it is essential that the woman conducts her own investigation to choose a gynecologist who meets her needs. Then, her gynecologist will tell her how to keep her pregnancy on track and without complications, and schedule her monthly exams to make sure everything goes as planned.
Thus, it will be ensured that the health of the woman and her future child go in the right direction, in addition to being able to identify any developmental disorders of the latter which may occur at an early stage and be treated in time. .
The gynecologist will be able to inform the expectant mother of how her body will change during the first month of her pregnancy and the evolution of the fetus’s development. Some gynecologistsprescribe prenatal vitamins such as folic acid, which prevents neural tube defects and ensures delivery in the best conditions.
2. Study your family history and possible hereditary diseases.
In addition to wondering about obvious questions, for example, if he will have the blue eyes of the mother or the brown hair of the father, the baby could inherit other things, since the genetic inheritance can go up to seven generations. It is important, even before expanding the family, for both parents to study their family history in order to give their baby the best possible start in life. Both should know if there is a history of disability, birth defects, or genetic disease in the family that the baby could inherit.
Knowing this, parents will be able to address these issues at a very early stage. Based on this clinical history, gynecologists will refer parents through genetic counseling and once a series of tests have been done in this area, potential health problems that the baby may inherit can then be identified. .
3. Know which foods to eat and which ones to avoid before giving birth.
The phrase “eat for two” is quite accurate if it is understood as “eat for both”, which is not double the amount of food, but rather the nutrients, vitamins and minerals needed both to the mother and the baby. A diet rich in iron, calcium, folic acid and protein is essential, as well as extra caloric intake to ensure you get all the nutritious and healthy foods your body needs during pregnancy.
It is important to keep in mind that a pregnant woman needs more vitamins and minerals and sometimes supplements can not replace a healthy diet. Poor eating habits can increase the risk of gestational diabetes and can lead to health-related complications during childbirth.
Foods that are recommended to consume:
- Dairy products are rich in protein and calcium, so they are essential for the growth of the fetus. In addition, it is important to eat yogurt because of its probiotic properties;
- Legumes are high in folate and fiber and can reduce the risk of birth defects and disease;
- Sweet potatoes and carrots are an excellent source of beta-carotene that the mother’s body then converts into vitamin A, which stimulates normal cell production;
- Foods rich in omega-3s, such as salmon, are ideal for developing the brain of a growing fetus;
- Green leaves contain the most important nutrients for a gestational baby because they are rich in iron and fiber;
- Lean meat is a high source of iron, protein and vitamin B, which are important during pregnancy;
- Cod liver oil can provide all the omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin A and vitamin D, which are extremely important during pregnancy and can be taken as an alternative, especially when the mother does not eat fish;
- Berries and berries are rich in vitamin C, fiber and antioxidants that can help fight the constipation that often occurs during pregnancy;
- Whole grains are high in fiber, vitamin B and magnesium, which pregnant women need in large quantities.
Foods to avoid :
- Raw or partially cooked eggs are at risk of salmonellosis;
- Pies, since they contain listeriosis, which is dangerous during pregnancy;
- Raw or undercooked meat, as there is a high risk of toxoplasmosis;
- Cold cuts such as salami, pepperoni, chorizo and ham, as they contain parasites that cause toxoplasmosis;
- The liver because it is extremely rich in vitamin A and can cause fetal damage.
NOTE: It is important to first consult a doctor about restrictions and dietary needs during pregnancy as it may be able to provide a feeding program to get all the necessary nutrients and avoid unhealthy foods. that could harm the future baby.
4. Discover which exercises are safe to do during pregnancy
Exercising every day can ensure the normal functioning of a woman’s body, which is constantly changing during pregnancy. As childbirth requires a lot of physical strength and energy, sport is needed at this stage. Staying active can reduce the risk of complications, both during pregnancy and childbirth. Even if a woman was not physically active before pregnancy, she can start exercising while she is pregnant. Physical activity can help reduce the discomfort that accompanies pregnancy, as well as strengthen muscles to reduce pain during pregnancy and delivery.
Exercises to do:
- choose activities such as aerobics that can help your heart beat faster like walking, swimming and dancing;
- take breaks when you are out of breath;
- drink plenty of water before and after exercise;
- if you choose to lift weights, opts for extremely light weights, for example, 3 kilograms;
- make sure to breathe out when you lift them and inspire when you are relaxing.
Exercises to avoid:
- Avoid lifting too much weight, as this may exert stress on the pelvic area or lower back;
- Do not hold your breath while you exercise, try to breathe normally;
- Avoid exercises that require lying on your back;
- Avoid the exercises that can make you fall;
- Avoid practicing any type of sport that could cause you injury.
NOTE: However, it is important for pregnant women to talk to their doctor about what types of exercises they can do during pregnancy and what to avoid because they can put their health and that of their future child at risk.
5. Know the best positions to sleep
Fatigue and exhaustion are very common during pregnancy, especially during the first 12 weeks, and some sleeping positions can be dangerous during pregnancy. According to the UK Ministry of Health , the safest place to sleep is on the left side. Sleeping on the right can cause venous insufficiency that is not at all advantageous for the future mother.
According to research, sleeping on your back from the 28th week of pregnancy can increase the risk of fetal death. This is because the position limits the flow of blood and oxygen to the future baby. If you wake up on your back, you can change position and sleep on your side. You can also try using a pregnancy cushion that you can put between your legs, something that tries to stop you from turning around and sleeping on your back.
6. Discover the benefits of yoga and take good care of yourself
It is undeniable that being pregnant can be stressful emotionally and physically. Taking care of a new life in your body means that whatever happens, the baby is present. It is therefore important to take care of yourself as much as possible, avoiding unpleasant situations or those that can stress you.
According to the UK Department of Health, yoga offers a multitude of health benefits for the body and mind, especially when the pregnancy happens:
- helps manage the stress that accompanies you during pregnancy;
- Helps prevent many diseases that may occur during pregnancy, such as edema, diabetes, or gestational hypertension
- improves the stability of the mood;
- Helps eliminate pain
- prevents excess weight
- reduces the level of anxiety in your body during delivery.
The prenatal period is the period of transition to maternity and paternity and occurs when a woman is still pregnant. There is no specific month because every person experiences the emotional change of pregnancy at different times. But this usually happens after the third or fourth month. During this period, both parents experience significant psychological and social changes as they try to understand how to adapt to their new role as parents, and stress increases as the deadline
Parents who are expecting twins or triplets suffer more stress than those expecting a single child. This is because they have a double or triple responsibility to assume. In addition, they will need more time to recover from childbirth and more help from their spouses and families. Sometimes this can cause a lot of stress for both parents just before giving
Most couples have difficulty communicating with each other during this time and do not realize it, but according to experts, this is normal. After the baby is born, stress is gradually eliminated and most couples return to normal as new parents.
If you are experiencing these changes in your relationship, it is important to understand that you and your partner are experiencing something completely normal and that stress is the reaction to the fact that you still do not understand how it will be to be a parent. . But once your baby is born, you will see that everything will happen naturally and that stress will disappear.
8. Learn more about childbirth and birth
Childbirth is a very powerful experience that requires strong psychological mechanisms to deal with it. It’s the most intense pain a woman can experience, but because it’s a life-changing experience, the expectant mother does not feel the pain so much and it fades over time. According to the research, 90% of women find the pain acceptable 3 months after giving birth and consider it a positive experience.
However, it is important to consult your gynecologist to understand the signs and symptoms that indicate that you will give birth. The most obvious sign is the frequent contraction that increases pain and duration over time. Gynecologists recommend that women try to walk when they begin to have contractions in order to feel more comfortable.
Pain during childbirth consists of two elements:
- Visceral pain, which occurs in the early stages of delivery, when pressure is transmitted to the cervix and causes cervical dilatation.
- Somatic pain, which occurs later, during childbirth itself, when the pain is caused by stretching of the lower genital canal and perineum and is transmitted by the pudendal nerve.
It is extremely important for mothers to be in constant communication with their doctor before and after delivery and to discuss with them any concerns or problems that may arise. Always consult your doctor about diet, sports and any activity that may be harmful to your baby that does not seem obvious to the naked eye.
Have you ever been pregnant? What advice would you give to future mothers? Thank you for letting us know in the comments section of this article.